What Constitutes Diabetes
What constitutes diabetes
Diabetes sets in when the level of glucose in the blood gets higher than the permitted threshold. The primary source of energy to the body is the blood glucose which comes mainly from the food we eat. The food we eat gets into the cell for energy use through a hormone known as insulin. The insulin is a hormone formed in the pancreas, and it could be produced in little quantity insufficient for body use. If such scenario happens, then glucose will not be transported to the body cells where it’s needed, it will instead accumulate in the blood and result to high blood sugar which will eventually lead to diabetes.
There are several health problems associated with too much blood glucose accrued over a long period. Once diabetes sets in it have no cure, but it can be effectively managed to maintain good health and well-being. Some trivialize diabetes by calling it “a touch of sugar” or “marginal diabetes.” This is a way to refer to those with a less serious case of diabetes, but we need to take every case of diabetes serious.
Types of Diabetes
There are three common diabetes types namely type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to produce enough insulin for the processing of glucose in the cells. The case of auto-immune is involved in which the cells in the pancreas are attacked thereby affecting insulin production. Type 1 diabetes is prevalent in children, but not limited to them alone. Those with this type of diabetes are required to take a dose of insulin every day to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes
For type 2 diabetes, insulin is produced, but the body doesn’t utilize it well. Type 2 diabetes is not limited to any particular age group even children are not left out. Middle-aged and older people are most susceptible to this diabetes type, and it’s also the most common type of diabetes.
This diabetes type mostly develops during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most times, gestational diabetes might go away after childbirth. However, those with gestational diabetes stand a greater risk of having type 2 diabetes later in life.
Other types of diabetes
There are other types of diabetes which are not common such as monogenic diabetes (inherited diabetes), and diabetes related to cystic fibrosis.
Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes?
Several factors could determine whether you will have diabetes or not such as family history, overweight, age (45 and above), race, complications from other health problems. If you also have prediabetes or gestational diabetes, then you have a higher tendency of having diabetes.
Over time, high blood sugar causes problems such as:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Kidney disease
- Dental disease
- Nerve damage
- Foot problems
- Eye problems