What causes diabetes
Diabetes is a common medical condition that affects male and female, young and old. There is no specific cause of diabetes though there are some suspected factors known to cause diabetes. Diabetes commonly known as diabetes mellitus by doctors is a collection of metabolic diseases whereby the person has high blood glucose as a result of inadequate insulin production or due to the poor response of the body cells to insulin, or both factors.
Patients diagnosed with high blood glucose experience frequent urination known as polyuria as they experience increased thirst and hunger. According to a data collated in 2013, it was estimated that about 382 million people have diabetes globally as it is regarded as a long-term health condition.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes falls into any of these categories or types:
- Type 1 Diabetes – This occurs when the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10% of all diabetes case.
- Type 2 Diabetes – This type of diabetes also arise when the body does not produce sufficient insulin for normal function. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all diabetes case.
- Gestational Diabetes – This arises during pregnancy period.
Some factors that determine whether one has diabetes or not include a family history of diabetes, environmental factors, related health issue, race, and genetic makeup.
Also, the cause of diabetes varies from one individual to another as well as the type of Diabetes. For instance; what causes type 1 diabetes is entirely different from that of gestational diabetes. Likewise, the cause of type 2 diabetes varies from what causes type 1 diabetes.
Before we delve into the causes of diabetes, we also need to understand the different types of diabetes that exists.
Other known causes of Diabetes
Other cause of diabetes includes:
Pancreatitis: Those diagnosed with pancreatitis have a high risk of developing diabetes.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Obesity is the major causes of PCOS which is often linked to insulin resistance. This phenomenon will likely increase the likelihood of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Patients diagnosed with this syndrome often experience a surge in the production of the cortisol hormone. Which invariably increases the blood glucose levels. Too much production of cortisol hormone can lead to diabetes.
Glucagonoma arises as a result of lack of balance between the insulin levels and glucagon production. This could give rise to diabetes among Glucagonoma patients.
This form of diabetes is rare, and it comes about from the protracted use of glucocorticoid therapy.
For most diabetes types, the inadequate production of insulin, defective insulin production, or the body’s inability to efficiently and adequately make use of insulin could trigger diabetes.
Since you might not easily know what could trigger diabetes in your body, it might be good for you to take note of some common symptoms in your body. Some of the notable diabetes symptoms include extreme thirst and frequent urination, hunger, weight gain or strange weight loss, the inability of wounds and cuts to heal, fatigue, erectile dysfunction in male, unresponsiveness and itchy hands and feet. All these and many others will readily point out to you that you have diabetes and you need to visit your doctor as soon as you can.